R. Watson, J. Alder, D. Pauly, (2006). “Fisheries for Forage Fish,” Fisheries Centre Research Reports No. 14 (Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada).
Following a brief historical review of the emergence of fisheries for forage fish that are primarily destined for reduction, and their competition with fisheries for human consumption, an account is given of landing trends in various parts of the world, and catch maps are provided for the 1970s and 2000s which allow spatial and temporal comparisons. A brief account is also given of the changing species composition of the landings, the exploitation status of the fisheries, the trophic levels trends of species destined for reduction, the fuel consumption of the global fleet exploiting forage fish which are primarily small pelagics, the fishing gear they use, and the ex-vessel prices they fetch.